Option (1), (3), (5) and (6)
Carbon dioxide is a gas that is released by the living organism during respiration. This gas is then released into the atmosphere. This CO₂ gas is then carried to the lithosphere from the atmosphere with the help of rainfall. Now, these atmospheric CO₂ gas reacts with the water forming carbonic acid. Carbonic acid is a weak type of acid. This carbon is then squeezed and constricted to the sediments and muds, forming rocks such as shale and limestone.
Here, the carbon is present in the form of carbonate rocks.
Thus, this entire process takes place interacting with the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere.
Hence, the correct answer is option (1). (3), (5) and (6).