For the first question, we know that the water transformed into a gas. This fact eliminates choices C and D, primarily because they describe the change as "gas to liquid" instead of liquid to gas.
What separates B from A is that B is saying the liquid changed to a gas in response to sunlight, which is completely false and impertinent to the prompt.
A is the correct answer.
For the second question, we know that condensation causes clouds -- and that neither evaporation nor water vapor would clear clouds to make more of them, which eliminates choices B and D. Going back to condensation, the accumulation of water vapor plays a big role in the formation of clouds. While evaporation does play a part in [it] as well, condensation is what caused the sudden appearance of clouds in the troposphere.
In anaerobic respiration, which occurs during fermentation, less energy is extracted — only two ATP molecules per glucose molecule — because the products of the process, such as ethanol or lactic acid, contain more energy than does carbon dioxide, the product of aerobic respiration