Answered @ 09/10/2019 11:05 PM By answersmine
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Among the options given on the question the correct answer is option B.
Explanation: Karl Marx was the founder communism theory and he was the one who established this communism theory to form a nation which will be based on the communism.
There is a special view of communism which is called as the Marxism. He wrote the aims and goals of the communism in the famous ' Communist Manifesto". According to his theory government should control the businesses and people should not be paid for the work. Moreover the products need to be distributed to all citizens in the society.
Behind his theory, there was a reason of class in the society. He thought that the workers people are being classified by getting the wage and capitalist are making profit which create a rich-poor difference in the society.
To overcome this problem and to upheld the labor class he gave his Marxism theory in which included communist economy.
He was the Parisian who ripped up his home city; one of the most famous and controversial urban planners in history. Even now, 125 years after the death of Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann, France remains divided over whether the man who transformed Paris into the City of Light was truly a master planner – or an imperialist megalomaniac.
Internationally, Haussmann is celebrated for much that is loved about the French capital; notably those wide avenues flanked with imposing buildings of neatly dressed ashlar and intricate wrought iron balconies.
To his republican compatriots, however, Haussmann was an arrogant, autocratic vandal who ripped the historic heart out of Paris, driving his boulevards through the city’s slums to help the French army crush popular uprisings.
Historian and Haussmann expert Patrice de Moncan is exasperated by the century’s worth of criticism that has been levelled at this hugely influential figure. “Sometimes I don’t know where to start; it’s bs from beginning to end,” De Moncan says. “But it’s a view many people still hold in France.
“Haussmann has been portrayed as this almost sinister figure, only out to enrich himself and with his fingers in the till. His critics accused him of filling Paris with cobbled streets, bland buildings with stone facades, and wide, dead straight avenues so the army could repress the masses.”
De Moncan, who is writing a new biography of Haussmann, smarts with the injustice of what he sees as the ongoing maligning of his hero. “Some said he was austere, but from what I have discovered he liked a good party and threw great ones. Others accused him of chasing the girls – it’s true he had a mistress [the opera star Francine Cellier] with whom he had a child, but unlike others at that time, he accepted, recognised and educated the girl.”
In 1848, Haussmann was an ambitious civil servant determinedly climbing the ranks when Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte – nephew and heir of Napoléon I – returned to Paris after 12 years’ exile in London to become president of the French Second Republic.
Bonaparte, later elected Emperor Napoléon III, hated what he saw. In his absence, the population of Paris had exploded from 759,000 in 1831 to more than a million in 1846 – despite regular outbreaks of cholera and typhoid that killed tens of thousands.
The French capital was overcrowded, dingy, dirty and riddled with disease. Why, Bonaparte pondered, was it not more like London, with its grand parks and gardens, its tree-lined avenues and modern sewage system? Paris, he declared, needed light, air, clean water and good sanitation.
A drawing of the rebuilding of Paris under Haussmann’s command, from around 1860.
Haussmann was an imposing figure both physically – at 6ft 3in – and intellectually. Born into a bourgeois military family with strong Lutheran ties, he had been a brilliant student at elite Paris colleges, and personified the Protestant work ethic. Portraits show a tall, solid, often studious figure with a not unkind face, often sporting a chin-strap beard and, in later years, thinning hair.
France’s interior minister, Victor de Persigny, believed Haussmann to be the ideal candidate for the job of Prefect of the Seine and overseer of Napoléon III’s plan to transform the city. “He is one of the most extraordinary men of our time; big, strong, vigorous, energetic and at the same time clever and devious,” wrote De Persigny to the emperor. “He told me all of his accomplishments during his administrative career, leaving out nothing: he could have talked for six hours without a break, since it was his favourite subject, himself.”
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Option a. Franklin Roosevelt set up an unemployment commission and relief administration.
Franklin D. Roosevelt was the governor of New York from January 1929 until his election as President of the United States in 1932. As governor, he took some measurements against the economic crisis the country was suffering, that were considered successes, and that helped him paved his way to the white house. One of them was establishing the first emergency relief administration, that appointed $20 million for the unemployed. By doing so, Roosevelt created a new precedent in America's political arena, by setting a new agency in order to solve a new type of conflict. He would later rely on this style on leadership, once President, during the New Deal years.
I’m pretty sure it’s west.
Whitney - the cotton gin
Howe - Sewing machine
Ford - assembly line
Wright - man piloted aircraft
McCormick - Reaping Machine
Cooper - Steem locomotive
Fulton - Steamboat
These were some of the greatest American inventors with their inventions that changed the industrial revolution.